Oct 17, 2018



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New Israel/New England: Jews and Puritans in Early America
University of Massachusetts Press
Amazon Review/s
Contents: "We shall be friends": the European background for Puritan judeocentrism -- "Jews, Turks ... and anti-Christians": alien encounters with Puritan Hebraism -- "New England is seldom wholly without them": Boston's Frazon brothers and the limits of Puritan zeal -- "A Jew rarely comes over to us but he brings treasures with him": the conversion and Harvard career of Judah Monis -- "A handsome assembly of people": Jewish settlement and the refinement of New England culture -- "An openness to candour": scholarly ecumenicism in pre-revolutionary Newport -- "A most valuable citizen": Moses Michael Hays and the modernization of Boston -- "Gone are the living but the dead remain": The Jewish legacy in nineteenth-century New England.
Summary: The New England Puritans fascination with the legacy of the Jewish religion has been well documented, but their interactions with actual Jews have escaped sustained historical attention. 'New Israel/New England' tells the story of the Sephardic merchants who traded and sojourned in Boston and Newport between the mid-seventeenth century and the era of the American Revolution. It also explores the complex and often contradictory meanings that the Puritans attached to Judaism and the fraught attitudes that they bore toward the Jews as a people. More often than not, Michael Hoberman shows, Puritans thought and wrote about Jews in order to resolve their own theological and cultural dilemmas. A number of prominent New Englanders, including Roger Williams, Increase Mather, Samuel Sewall, Benjamin Colman, Cotton Mather, Jonathan Edwards, and Ezra Stiles, wrote extensively about post-biblical Jews, in some cases drawing on their own personal acquaintance with Jewish contemporaries. Among the intriguing episodes that Hoberman investigates is the recruitment and conversion of Harvard s first permanent instructor of Hebrew, the Jewish-born Judah Monis. Later chapters describe the ecumenical friendship between Newport minister Ezra Stiles and Haim Carigal, an itinerant rabbi from Palestine, as well as the life and career of Moses Michael Hays, the prominent freemason who was Boston s first permanently established Jewish businessman, a founder of its insurance industry, an early sponsor of the Bank of Massachusetts, and a personal friend of Paul Revere.

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