Dec 11, 2017

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00001

Last Name
ABU’L FARAJ
First Name
Gregory
Life Span
1226-1286
Publications
Book of the Dove, Ethicon, Chronography in Arabic Ta'rikh al-Mukhtasar al-Duwal, Book of the Butter of Wisdom, The Lamp of the Sanctuary, Book of the Ascension of the Intellect, Chronicum Ecclesiasticum, Laughable Stories
Sources
An Account of Gregory Bar Hebraeus Abu al-Faraj and His Relations with the Mongols of Persia by George Lane
Details
Yohannan [John] Ibn al-'Ibri, Bar 'Ebhraya, Abu al-Faraj, BAR-HEBRAEUS, he was born in Malatya, as the son of the Aaron the Jewish physician who cured Saurnavinus, a Tartar general (Mongol general Shawer Noye) from a disease. Master of Greek, Syriac and Arabic, student of philosophy, theology and medicine, he became an Anchorite in Antioch and ordained Bishop of Gubos at the age of twenty by Mar Ignatius, Patriarch of Saba, then again Maphrian of the Eastern Church at forty. From then on, he was known as Bar-Hebraeus. As bishop of the West Syrian Jacobite church, he was renowned for his justice, integrity, great learning and cosmopolitan leadership. His writings span a wide sphere including commentaries on Scripture, moral treatises (Ethikon), on commerce, science, astronomy, medicine, logic, philosophy, history, poetry, humorous fables and devotions. While clear and resolute on matters of church doctrine, he shunned ecclesiastical disputes as an abomination. “During his forty years’ episcopate he was never known to have received a farthing from anyone …like Paul, he sought to be chargeable to no man and therefore supported himself by his own scholastic ability, giving his labors freely to the cause he loved. Churches were erected wherever he went. Even the Mohammedan body who would be naturally opposed to his belief held him in great respect. At his death, none were found in the Jacobite church to equal his spiritual stature. He was appropriately named Abu’l Faraj, meaning “father of comfort.”

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