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IV. B. 3. Israel's identity

(see IV.B.3.c., IV.B.3.e.)

Who is a Jew? (See VII B.1)

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Reference Relevant Comments
Rom 2:28-29 (Juda, hebr. Yehuda, praise, [see below]. "A true Jew must have the inner condition of heart that earns him or her the praise of God." (D. Prince, 1992, p. 20: "Paul is not extending the use of Jew. On the contrary, he is limiting it.")
Gal 3:28 (The context is the new relationship to God. Just as the basic differences between man and woman are not abolished, neither are those between gentile and Jew)
Col 3:11
Rev 2:9; 3:9 (as Rom 2:28-29 used in a restrictive sense... "out of nearly 200 passages in the NT there are only [these] three examples of this special restricted meaning." D. Prince, op. cit. p 22) (1)

Christians by faith are Abraham's children but they still remain Gentiles (cf. VII B.1)

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Reference Relevant Comments
Gal 3:6-9 (Verse 7: "Even those physically descended from him - that is, Jews - are not truly his children , in the sense of being eligible to receive what God promised them, if they lack trust []." D. Stern, JNTC 1992)
Rom 9:6

The Jews, Israel / Jerusalem, are to be a praise in all the earth (see XV.H., III.B.5.)

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Reference Relevant Comments
Isa 19:24-25 Egypt and Assyria will become part of His blessing
Jer 13:11
Jer 33:9
Ezek 34:26
Zech 8:13 a blessing instead of a curse
Isa 43:21 Israel will not only be a praise but also declare His praise

(1) Barton J. Payne, 1973, 4th printing 1997, p. 105 in reference to Zechariah states: "Prophetic forecasts that refer distinctly to Israel after the flesh and that find their fulfillment subsequent to the rise of the Christian Church are relatively infrequent in Scripture." Zech 9-14 in this view constitutes one of these "exceptional portions." Payne states seven conditions under which Israel may signify "the people of the synagogue" (not of the church) and six conditions when "Israel" (in Zech 9-14) "means the believing Church." The reader may want to compare this with "Principles of Interpretation" under Key-Issues, Websites with a Different Perspective.

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